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How To Choose A Suitable Automatic Door Closer?


Release Time:

2024-01-08

In this article, we discuss what is door closer, advantages and disadvantage of using door closer, how to choose a door closer and which model is famous in our company.

Definition Of Door Closer

A door closer is a mechanical device that is typically mounted at the top of a door and is designed to automatically close the door after it has been opened. It controls the speed and force with which the door closes, ensuring that it does so smoothly and securely. Door closers are commonly used in both residential and commercial buildings for various purposes, including security, energy efficiency, and convenience.

Door closers work by using a combination of springs and hydraulic or pneumatic mechanisms to control the movement of the door. When the door is opened, the closer's components are compressed or engaged, and when the door is released, the closer's mechanism gradually releases the stored energy, allowing the door to close in a controlled manner.




Different Types Of Door Closer

There are several types of door closers, and they can be categorized based on their mechanism, usage, and design. Here are some common types of door closers below:

1.Surface-Mounted Door Closer

This type of closer is installed on the surface of the door and frame. It's visible and comes in various designs and finishes.


2.Concealed Door Closer

These closers are hidden within the door or frame, making them less visible. They are often used for aesthetic reasons.


3.Pneumatic Door Closer

These closers use air pressure to control the door's movement. They are often used in residential applications and screen doors.

 

4.Hydraulic Door Closer

Hydraulic closers use hydraulic fluid to control the door's closing speed and force. They are commonly used in commercial buildings.


5.Electromagnetic Door Closer

These closers use an electromagnetic mechanism to control the door's closing and opening. They are often used in automatic and access-controlled doors.


These are some of the common types of door closers available, each with its own features and applications. The choice of door closer type depends on factors such as door size, usage, aesthetics, and specific functional requirements.


Advantages Of Choosing Door Closer

Choosing a door closer offers several advantages in terms of safety, security, convenience, and energy efficiency.


1.Safety :Prevents doors from slamming shut, reducing the risk of injury to fingers or limbs. Ensures that fire-rated doors remain closed in case of a fire, helping to contain flames and smoke.

 

2.Security :Helps to keep doors securely closed, reducing the risk of unauthorized access.Provides added security in commercial and residential settings.

 

3.Convenience:Allows doors to close automatically, eliminating the need to manually close them. Ideal for high-traffic areas where constant opening and closing of doors occur.

 

4.Energy Efficiency :Helps in maintaining indoor temperature by ensuring doors are closed when not in use. Reduces heating or cooling loss, leading to energy savings and lower utility bills.

 

5.Compliance :Ensures compliance with building codes and regulations, especially for fire-rated doors. Helps meet accessibility requirements for people with disabilities.

 

6.Longevity :Door closers are designed for durability and can extend the lifespan of doors and door hardware. Reduces wear and tear on hinges and other door components.
 

7.Aesthetic Options:Door closers come in various designs and finishes, allowing for customization to match the door's aesthetics.

Overall, choosing a door closer offers numerous benefits, ranging from safety and security to convenience and energy efficiency, making them an essential component in many building environments.

Not only focus on the advantages of door closer, we also need to know the disadvantage of the door closer as well. So that it can help us to choose a right product when buying items online。



 

Disadvantages Of Choosing Door Closer

While door closers offer several advantages, there are also some disadvantages to consider when choosing one for your door. Here are some of the disadvantages below.


1.Cost:Door closers can be relatively expensive to purchase and install, especially high-quality models with advanced features.

 

2.Installation Complexity :Installing a door closer can be complex, requiring proper alignment, adjustments, and professional installation in some cases.

 

3.Maintenance :Door closers require regular maintenance to ensure they function correctly over time. Neglecting maintenance can lead to malfunctions.

 

4.Aesthetic Impact :Some door closers, especially surface-mounted ones, can be visually unattractive and may not match the aesthetics of certain doors.

 

5.Limited Door Opening Width :Door closers can limit the maximum width to which a door can be opened, which can be inconvenient in some situations.

 

6.Noise :Some door closers can produce noise when the door is being closed, which can be disruptive in quiet environments.

 

7.Resistance to Manual Opening:Door closers, especially those with strong closing mechanisms, may require more effort to manually open the door, which can be challenging for some individuals.

 

8.Incompatibility with Certain Doors :Not all doors are suitable for door closers, and some may require significant modifications to accommodate them.

 

It's important to weigh these disadvantages against the benefits when deciding whether to install a door closer, and to choose the type of closer that best suits your specific needs and circumstances.
 

How To Choose A Suitable Door Closer?
When choosing a door closer, several factors need to be considered to ensure that you select the right one for your specific needs and circumstances. Here are the key factors need to be considered below.



1.Door Size and Weight

Consider the size and weight of the door as this will determine the type and strength of the door closer required.

Power Size Maximum Door Weight Maximum Door Width
2 ≤45KG ≤850mm
3 ≤65KG ≤950mm
4 ≤85KG ≤1100mm
5 ≤120KG ≤1250mm
6 ≤150KG ≤1400mm


2.Door Type

Different door types (wooden, glass, metal, etc.) may require different types of door closers to ensure proper function and compatibility.


3.Intended Use

Consider whether the door closer will be used in a residential, commercial, or industrial setting, as this can affect the choice of the closer.
 

4.Fire Rating

If the door is intended to be a fire-rated door, make sure to select a door closer that meets the required fire rating standards. The fire rating of a door closer refers to its ability to meet specific fire safety standards and requirements when installed on fire-rated doors. Fire-rated doors are designed to resist the spread of fire and smoke for a specified period, typically measured in minutes or hours. To maintain the integrity of a fire-rated door, the door closer used on it must also meet certain fire resistance criteria.

In the context of fire-rated door closers, the fire rating is typically expressed in minutes. It represents the amount of time the door closer can help keep the fire-rated door closed and prevent the spread of fire and smoke when exposed to a fire. Common fire ratings for door closers include 30 minutes (½ hour), 60 minutes (1 hour), and 120 minutes (2 hours).

5.Mounting Location

Determine whether the door closer will be surface-mounted, concealed, or overhead-mounted based on your aesthetic and functional preferences.The mounting location of a door closer refers to where the door closer is installed on the door and frame. The choice of mounting location can impact the functionality, aesthetics, and accessibility of the door closer.

Surface-Mounted Door Closer

Concealed Door Closer

Advantage:
①Easier installation and retrofitting on existing doors.

②Accessibility for adjustment and maintenance.

③Suitable for various door types.

Advantage:
①Provides a clean and unobtrusive appearance.

②Enhanced aesthetics, especially for architectural and design purposes.

③Reduced risk of vandalism or tampering

Disadvantage:
①Visible door closer arms may affect aesthetics.

②May be susceptible to vandalism or tampering.

③Some users may find the arm of the closer as an obstruction.

Disadvantage:
①Installation is more complex and may require modification of the door and frame.

②Accessibility for adjustment and maintenance may be limited.

③Limited compatibility with certain door types and sizes.

6.Closing Speed and Control

Consider the desired closing speed and control options, such as adjustable closing speed and hold-open features.


7.Aesthetics and Finish

Choose a door closer that matches the aesthetics of the door and the surrounding environment in terms of design and finish.



 

8.Accessibility Requirements

Accessibility standards for door closers are designed to ensure that doors equipped with door closers are accessible to and usable by individuals with disabilities. Consider whether the door closer needs to meet accessibility standards, particularly if the door is in a public building or used by individuals with disabilities. There are some factors need to be consider when think of the standard of accessibility.

Opening Force

Manual doors must be operable with a maximum force of 5 pounds (22.2 N) to initiate movement and 15 pounds (66.7 N) to continue the door in motion. Door closers should be adjusted to comply with these force requirements.

Closing Speed and Time Delay

Door closers should have adjustable closing speeds to allow sufficient time for individuals with disabilities to pass through the doorway. Additionally, certain doors may require time-delay features to allow individuals to enter or exit without having the door close too quickly.

Hold-Open Device

If a door closer has a hold-open feature, it should be adjustable to hold the door open at the minimum required width for accessibility. The hold-open mechanism should not create an obstruction or barrier.

Clear Floor Space       

Adequate clear floor space should be provided in front of doors to allow wheelchair users to approach, maneuver, and operate the door comfortably.

Visual and Tactile Signage

Doors equipped with closers should have appropriate visual and tactile signage to indicate the presence of the door and, if applicable, the location of the door opener button.

 

9.Budget

Determine your budget for the door closer, as there can be a wide range of prices depending on the type and features.

Basic Door Closer: A simple, surface-mounted door closer without many advanced features can cost anywhere from $20 to $50 or more.

Mid-Range Door Closer: Mid-range door closers with additional features such as adjustable closing speed and latching options can range from $50 to $150.

High-End Door Closer: High-quality door closers with advanced features, durability, and aesthetic finishes can cost $150 to $300 or more.

Commercial/Industrial Door Closer: For heavy-duty applications in commercial or industrial settings, the cost can go beyond $300, depending on the size and requirements.

10.Local Building Codes

Ensure that the chosen door closer complies with local building codes and regulations in your area. For example, Building codes and regulations in the United States are typically established at the local or municipal level, rather than at the federal level. Therefore, the specific requirements for door closers can vary from one jurisdiction to another. However, some common elements related to door closers that are often addressed in local building codes and standards across the United States include:

Fire-Rated Doors

Building codes often specify that fire-rated doors must have self-closing devices, which can include door closers, to ensure that they close automatically in the event of a fire.

Wind Resistance

In areas prone to high winds or hurricanes, building codes may have requirements for door closers that provide resistance against wind pressure to prevent doors from being blown open or damaged.

Accessibility Requirements

Many jurisdictions require compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Standards for Accessible Design, which may include specific requirements for door closers to ensure accessibility for individuals with disabilities. These requirements can include considerations such as the closing force and speed of the door.

Energy Efficiency

Some building codes and energy efficiency standards may include requirements related to door closers to minimize energy loss through doors. This may involve considerations such as the sealing efficiency of the door and the operation of the closer.

Installation and Maintenance

Building codes may specify installation and maintenance requirements for door closers to ensure their proper function over time. This can include guidelines for installation height, location, and periodic inspections.

 

Product Recommendation
You can choose the right door closer according to your own needs. The following products are recommended according to the types of functions and features. If you have any questions, please call or send an email to us at kaida6@justor.net for consultation. So you can contact us if you have any questions about it.



For DC-071, it is a universal model for all over the world, as we can check from product size and mounting distance. Besides of this, the outstanding features is CE Certification, with that certification, it is easy to estimate the quality of the item rather than we say “our quality is good, it is the best”. Besides of this, we also can do HOLD-OPEN function for this item. The hold open function of a door closer is a feature that allows the door to be temporarily held in an open position, typically at a specific angle. This function is useful in various situations, such as when you want to keep a door open for ventilation, ease of passage, or when moving furniture in and out of a room.

For DC-032, it is a typical model in this industry because it is the same as model DORMA TS-68. DC-182-5 is the adjustable door closer, from EN2-5, it can be used in different door weight and door width, optional function is Back-check and Hold Open. By the way DC-032 also can do Back-check and Hold Open. The back-check function of a door closer is a feature that controls the speed at which a door is allowed to open in the final portion of its swing or when it is pushed open forcefully. It is designed to prevent the door from opening too quickly or with too much force, which can lead to damage to the door, door frame, or adjacent walls. So that BC function is optional not the standard function because some countries do not need this one.

Our DC-032 and DC-182-5 all pass EN1634 certification. What is EN1634? Let us explain it: EN1634 is used to evaluate the performance of doors and door closers in fire situations and ensures that they meet specific safety standards. It is an important standard for architects, builders, and manufacturers to ensure that building components, including doors and door closers, meet the necessary fire safety requirements.